Функции глагола «быть» To be
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1.Смысловой глагол «быть.являться,находиться» I am a student. We are from Russia. He is at home.
Н.вр.-am, is, are Пр.вр.-was/were Буд.вр.-will be/shall be I am at home. I was at home yesterday. I `ll be at home tomorrow.
Отрицание I am not a student. He is not (isn`t)Russian. They are not(aren`t)from Moscow. He was not(wasn`t) ill yesterday. We were not(weren`t) busy last Monday. They will not(won`t)be busy tomorrow.
Структура наличия there is/there are There is a picture on the wall. There are pictures on the wall. There were many guests at the party. I think,there will be many questions after the lecture.
Progressive- to be V+ing We are listening to the teacher now. I was having a rest at that time. Tomorrow at 5 o `clock I `ll be watching TV.
Passive Voice- to be V+ed/V3 The text is translated by the students. They were asked not to be lazy.
В составе сложного сказуемого To be fond of-любить To be tired of-уставать To be interested in-интересоваться To be keen on-увлекаться To be surprised at-удивляться To be late-Опаздывать To be absent-Отсутствовать to be present-присутствовать
It is a bit cold today, isn`t it? There is a strong wind blowing from the North. I was standing near him when you called. The museum is opposite the theatre. They were taken to the hospital. Business is business. Is anyone to replace me? We were taken to the museum last week. There is nothing to do here.
Tom …a good boy. Mr and Mrs Brown …on holidays. We …doing the test in the last lesson. Where …the boys? Who…absent? ….you English? Three sheep.. On the field. There …three chairs at the table. There …a table and three chairs in the room. Children …fond of ice-cream. …these your jeans? No news …good news. Your advice … very useful.
Измените по временам. He is busy. There are many students in the class. We are keen on learning English. The teacher is reading a text. The text is translated.
Постройте отрицание They are from China. There were many apples last year. He is fond of sport. She will be at home tomorrow.
Задайте вопрос. There are some money in the pocket .(Where?) The story is very long.(Yes/no) They are looking for keys. (What…for?) The test is not very difficult. (Tail-qu) My mother is very industrious person. (Who?)